Jewish communities in Europe say they are vulnerable, following the terror attacks across the continent in recent years.
They want governments to dedicate extra policing and intelligence efforts to keep them safe.
Community leaders meeting at the Munich security conference also warned that the rise of populist far right parties threatens their way of life.
Jewish leaders say the plight of their people in Europe will always be seen in the shadow of the holocaust in which six million Jews were killed.
Seventy-two years later, Jewish communities across the continent say antisemitism is on the rise again.
A session was convened Sunday on the sidelines of the Munich summit to debate how Europe’s Jewish communities can be protected, attended by former Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni.