Large parts of Europe have endured another night of freezing conditions as a Siberian weather system continues to bring chaos.
Blizzards and heavy snowfall have closed roads, rail services and schools and forced the cancellations of hundreds of flights.
The unusually cold spell is being felt as far south as the Mediterranean.
The number of weather-related deaths rose to as many as 55 with 21 victims in Poland, most of them rough sleepers.
It triggered a warning from the world health organization that the poor, the homeless and migrants would be hardest hit by the big freeze.
In France, about 2,000 drivers were stranded on a motorway near the city of Montpellier, with some complaining of being stuck for as long as 24 hours.
Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport was also hit by freezing winds with KLM Airlines cancelling or delaying dozens of flights.
As well as those in Poland, weather-related casualties were reported as far south as Spain and Italy.