China’s birth rate has fallen to its lowest since the formation of the people’s republic of china 70 years ago – despite the easing of the one-child policy.
The birth rate was 10.48 per thousand in 2019 – the lowest since 1949, according to the national bureau of statistics
The number of babies born in 2019 dropped by 580,000 to 14.65 million.
Despite the birth rate falling, a lower death rate meant china’s population hit 1.4 billion in 2019, inching up from 1.39 billion.
In 1979, the Chinese government introduced a nation-wide “One-Child Policy” – with various exceptions – to slow population growth.
Families that violated the rules faced fines, loss of employment and sometimes forced abortions.
In 2015 the government ended its one-child policy allowing couples to have two children.