China is to place 25% trade tariffs on a list of 106 US goods, including soybeans, cars, and orange juice.
The retaliatory action comes after the US published a list of about 1,300 Chinese products it plans to hit with a 25% tariff.
The White House said the proposed imports tariff was a response to unfair Chinese practices to do with intellectual property rights.
The US tax targets items like medical products, televisions and motorcycles.
In response, the Chinese finance ministry said it would put 25% tariffs on US chemicals, some types of aircraft and corn products.
The products targeted by the tariffs were worth $50bn (£35.5bn) in 2017, according to a separate statement from the Chinese commerce ministry.
Extra tariffs will also be placed on products such as whiskey, cigars and tobacco, some types of beef, lubricants, and propane and other plastic products, the finance ministry said.
US orange juice, certain sorghum products, cotton, some types of wheat, as well as trucks, some SUVs and certain electric vehicles, will also be subject to the new duties, the ministry added.